Original Ink Determination

Often, especially in matters related to real estate foreclosures, there is a request to determine whether signatures on mortgage documents are original ink signatures, or the product of a printer or photocopier.

While not too many years ago this determination was simple, oftern accomplished with the unaided eye or low-power magnification, the advent of today’s state-of-the-art office equipment has made the process somewhat more difficult.  This is especially true considering the proliferation of high-end color printers, copiers, and scanning equipment.  Yesterday’s low-power magnification, on the order of 10x or less, was quite up to the task.  As of this writing, it is not uncommon to employ a stereo-microscope with power ranging up to 40x.  However, once the right equipment is utilized, the differences between original ink and non-original processes are readily apparent.  This is especially true where color reproduction processes have been employed.

            Indications of original ink

            One uniform color
            Three-dimensional appearance
            A “valley” in the middle of the ink line (ball pens)
            Striae
            Reverse side embossing

               

            Indications of a reproduction process

            Appearance of fused dry toner
            Separate “dots” of different colors (magenta, yellow, cyan)
            Geometric pattern

 

              

 

 

11/12

 

______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

 Return to “Questioned Document Overviews”
Go Back to the NDL Homepage